Human Rights

Nigeria Is a Failed State
China, Human Rights

Nigeria Is a Failed State

An expert's point of view on a current event. Nigeria Is a Failed State By Robert I. Rotberg , the founding director of the Harvard Kennedy School’s Program on Intrastate Conflict and president emeritus of the World Peace Foundation, and John Campbell , a senior fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and a former U.S. ambassador to Nigeria. Nigeria has long teetered on the precipice of failure. But now, unable to keep its citizens safe and secure, Nigeria has become a fully failed state of critical geopolitical concern. Its failure matters because the peace and prosperity of Africa and preventing the spread of disorder and militancy around the globe depend on a stronger Nigeria. Its economy is usually estimated to be Africa’s largest or second largest, after South Africa. Long West...
G7 summit: Spending plan to rival China adopted
China, Human Rights

G7 summit: Spending plan to rival China adopted

G7 summit: Spending plan to rival China adopted Published 1 day ago image copyright Leon Neal/PA Media G7 leaders seeking to rival China have adopted a plan to support lower- and middle-income countries in building better infrastructure. President Joe Biden said he wanted the US-backed Build Back Better World (B3W) plan to be a higher-quality alternative to a similar Chinese programme. China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has helped finance trains, roads, and ports in many countries. But it has been criticised for saddling some with debt. In a statement at their summit in the English county of Cornwall, the G7 leaders said they would offer a "values-driven, high-standard and transparent" partnership. However, details of how the G7 plan will be financed remain unclear. German Chanc...
Why Shaking Up Big Oil Could Be a Pyrrhic Victory
China, Environment, Human Rights, Politics

Why Shaking Up Big Oil Could Be a Pyrrhic Victory

An expert's point of view on a current event. Why Shaking Up Big Oil Could Be a Pyrrhic Victory Last week marked a watershed in the oil industry’s reckoning with climate change. The landmark setbacks in the courtroom, boardroom, and shareholder meetings for some of the world’s largest oil firms were stunning victories for climate activists in their battle against Big Oil. Whether these defeats will also be a victory in the battle against climate change, however, is less clear. That will depend on whether growing societal pressure to deal with the climate crisis leads to the policy changes and technological advances needed to rapidly curb oil use, as society must. In a global oil market where supplies are freely traded and the big Western oil firms control only a small share of output, re...
Myanmar Pressure Campaign Stalls at the United Nations
China, Human Rights

Myanmar Pressure Campaign Stalls at the United Nations

Myanmar Pressure Campaign Stalls at the United Nations The international campaign to pressure Myanmar’s military putschists to relinquish power has run aground at the United Nations, amid growing resistance by the country’s Chinese and Southeast Asian neighbors against imposing an arms embargo and sanctions on the military junta. The United States and many of its European allies continue to maintain economic sanctions on Myanmar’s military junta, but efforts to muster wider international backing for tough action have lost steam at Turtle Bay. The development has frustrated Myanmar’s pro-democracy forces, who have struggled to convince regional and global powers to ratchet up political and economic pressure on the military. Myanmar’s U.N. Ambassador Kyaw Moe Tun, who publicly denounced th...
U.S. Withdrawal Constrains Counterterrorism Options
China, Human Rights, Politics

U.S. Withdrawal Constrains Counterterrorism Options

News and analysis from India and its neighboring countries in South Asia, a region home to one-fourth of the world’s population. Delivered Thursday. U.S. Withdrawal Constrains Counterterrorism Options Welcome to Foreign Policy’s South Asia Brief. The highlights this week: The United States struggles to secure new counterterrorism arrangements for Afghanistan, Pakistan suffers a mass-casualty train crash, and India expands its free COVID-19 vaccination program. If you would like to receive South Asia Brief in your inbox every Thursday, please sign up here. For Counterterrorism, the U.S. Has Few Good Options When U.S. President Joe Biden announced a full troop withdrawal from Afghanistan by Sept. 11, he said he planned to fight terrorism without boots on the ground. “We’ll reorganize o...
Poll: Biden Gets High Marks for Foreign Policy
China, Human Rights

Poll: Biden Gets High Marks for Foreign Policy

After nearly four months in office, U.S. President Joe Biden already enjoys strong public approval ratings for his handling of foreign policy. So far, international relations (IR) experts agree: In fact, the president’s approval remains higher among scholars than among the larger U.S. public. In late April, the Teaching, Research, and International Policy (TRIP) project at William & Mary’s Global Research Institute, with the support of the Carnegie Corporation of New York, surveyed IR scholars at U.S. colleges and universities on Biden’s foreign-policy performance during his first 100 days. The results we report below are based on responses from the 812 IR scholars who participated in our survey. Respondents overwhelmingly approved of Biden’s foreign policy, especially his positions on c...
Biden Is Everything Europe Asked For
China, Human Rights

Biden Is Everything Europe Asked For

An expert's point of view on a current event. Biden Is Everything Europe Asked For Earlier this week I was talking to a senior French official about U.S. President Joe Biden’s upcoming trip to Europe for meetings of the G-7, NATO, and the European Union. It’s true, he said, that Biden had created a very favorable atmosphere by virtue of his progressive agenda, his COVID-19 recovery plan, America’s high vaccination rate, and especially the recent agreement to establish a global corporate minimum tax, which the French have long advocated. Nevertheless, he said, there remain “things he hasn’t done or hasn’t undone.” “Like what?” I asked. Like former President Donald Trump’s steel tariffs, he said. Several minutes later, the official got a text from a colleague, whom he had queried, remind...
Hong Kong’s Democratic Rollback Continues
China, Human Rights

Hong Kong’s Democratic Rollback Continues

Foreign Policy’s flagship daily newsletter with what’s coming up around the world today. Delivered weekdays. Hong Kong’s Democratic Rollback Continues Here is today’s Foreign Policy brief: Hong Kong’s legislature approves an electoral overhaul, Russia stops some European flights from landing on its territory, and British Prime Minister Boris Johnson hosts Hungarian leader Viktor Orban in London. If you would like to receive Morning Brief in your inbox every weekday, please sign up here. Hong Kong Gets a Political Overhaul Nearly two years after hundreds of thousands of people marched in pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong, the city has transformed—and not in line with their vision. This week, citizens lost another measure of autonomy to pro-Beijing forces, a step that could drive even...
Beijing Plans a Slow Genocide in Xinjiang
China, Human Rights

Beijing Plans a Slow Genocide in Xinjiang

An expert's point of view on a current event. Beijing Plans a Slow Genocide in Xinjiang In January, the U.S. government determined China’s actions in its northwestern Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region constituted genocide against its Uyghur ethnic minority population. Four other national parliaments have since followed suit. These determinations were mainly based on evidence of systematic suppression of births, since the United Nations’ 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide stipulates the act of “imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group” constitutes an act of genocide if it is “committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.” Some legal experts have questioned whether Beijing...
ASEAN Leaders Meet Myanmar’s Senior General Min Aung Hlaing For Dialogue On Envoy
China, Human Rights

ASEAN Leaders Meet Myanmar’s Senior General Min Aung Hlaing For Dialogue On Envoy

Leaders of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), including the secretary-general and a senior official from Brunei, the bloc’s chair, met with the Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, the chief of Myanmar’s military Junta on Friday in Myanmar's capital, Naypyitaw. The meeting was aimed at negotiating a dialogue regarding the ongoing political turmoil and civil disturbances in the Southeast Asian nation. This comes nearly six weeks after Senior General Hlaing and the six heads of state and three foreign ministers representing ASEAN met in Jakarta, where leaders of 10 nation bloc demanded immediate release of political detainees in Myanmar, and to put an end to violence, military killings, and human rights abuses, but the consensual talks hit a deadlock. [ASEAN Leaders' Meeting at...